St. Thomas Syrian Catholic Church, Mosul

St. Thomas Syrian Catholic church in Mosul, Iraq possess a collection of 122 Syriac and Garshuni (Christian Arabic) manuscripts, curated by Fr. Pius Alfaz, PhD (Louvain). CPART and Professor Herman Teule of the Institute of Eastern Christian Studies at the University of Nijmegen collaborated with Fr. Alfaz to photograph the manuscripts. This project was undertaken for conservation reasons, and also to facilitate access to the scholarly and lay community around the world.

The Manuscripts fall into 5 main categories: 1. Bible; 2. Liturgy; 3. Theology; 4. Philosophy; 5. Linguistics (including grammatical treatises and lexica). The oldest manuscript, a parchment codex containing the Syriac Masora with some rich illuminations, dates to 1014 A.D (STC 16). The remainder date from the 12th to the 19th centuries. There are numerous important texts among the collection.

 

Preliminary Handlist (Based on Fr. Behnam Sony's Index)

STC 1 (44)

  • Principal Work: The Old and New Testament (liturgical texts), Part one
  • Language: Garshuni; Pages: 355; Date: 20th century

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STC 2 (54)

  • Principal Work: The Old and New Testament (liturgical texts), Part two
  • Language: Garshuni; Pages: 244; Date: 1934 A.D.

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STC 3 (68)

  • Principal Work: The Old and New Testament (liturgical texts throughout the year), Part one
  • Language: Garshuni; Pages: 347; Date: 19th century

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STC 4 (57)

  • Principal Work: The Old and New Testament (liturgical texts throughout the year), Part two
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 262; Date: 1868 A.D.

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STC 5 (48)

  • Principal Work: Psalms, Immaculate Conception
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 140; Date: 1862 or 1888 A.D.

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STC 6 (35)

  • Principal Work: The New Testament (liturgical texts throughout the year, 184 texts)
  • Language: Garshuni and Syriac; Folios: 337; Date: 1701 A.D.

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STC 7 (56)

  • Principal Work: The Bible (throughout the year)
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 109; Date: 1889 A.D.

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STC 8 (40)

  • Principal Work: The divided Bible throughout the year (40 parts)
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 242; Date: 12th century?

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STC 9 (62)

  • Principal Work: The divided Bible throughout the year, Part one
  • Language: Garshuni; Pages: 227; Date: 1871 A.D.

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STC 10 (63)

  • Principal Work: The divided Bible throughout the year, Part two
  • Language: Garshuni; Pages: 189; Date: 1871 A.D.

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STC 11 (12)

  • Principal Work: The divided Bible throughout the year
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 258; Date: 16th century

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STC 12 (14)

  • Principal Work: The divided Bible (throughout the year – 355 parts)
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 173; Date: 1787 A.D.

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STC 13 (17)

  • Principal Work: The divided Bible (throughout the year – 349 parts)
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 177; Date: 19th century

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STC 14 (20)

  • Principal Work: The divided Bible (throughout the year)
  • Language: Syriac; Folios 242; Date: 13th and 14th centuries

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STC 15 (23)

  • Principal Work: The divided Bible (throughout the year)
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 231; Date: 17th century

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STC 16 (41)

  • Principal Work: Syriac Masora
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 207; Date: 1014 A.D.

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STC 17 (58)

  • Principal Work: Baptism, Al-ikleel and different prayers
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Pages: 123; Date: 1911 A.D.

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STC 18 (60)

  • Principal Work: Baptism and Al-ikleel
  • Language: Syriac; Pages: 95; Date: 1905 A.D.

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STC 19 (70)

  • Principal Work: Beth Gazo (book of Syriac melodies)
  • Language: Syriac; Pages: 244; Date: 19th century

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STC 20 (9)

  • Principal Work: Al Husayat (for Al-bayadh week and corpus-Christy day)
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 128; Date: 1760 A.D.

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STC 21 (13)

  • Principal Work: Al Husayat – From the new Sunday to the time after the renewal of the Church
  • Language: Garshuni; Pages: 504; Date: 1760 A.D.

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STC 22 (15)

  • Principal Work: Al-Husayat (Lent – Ascension)
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 242; Date: 1826 A.D.

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STC 23 (22)

  • Principal Work: Al-Husayat (Rites of Lent and baptizes); Rite of Palm Sunday
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 268; Date: 1713 A.D.

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STC 24 (27)

  • Principal Work: Al-Husayat (throughout the year are 14-309)
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 480; Date: 15th and 16th centuries

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STC 25 (52)

  • Principal Work: Al-Husayat (Holy Week)
  • Language: Garshuni; Pages: 170; Date: 20th century

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STC 26 (53)

  • Principal Work: Al-Husayat (the lent/forty martyrs/Annunciation/Mar-Yousif/Alnaheera/prostration of the Cross/burying of the Cross)
  • Language: Garshuni; Pages: 204; Date: 1912 A.D.

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STC 27 (61)

  • Principal Work: Al-Husayat (one of the fathers/the monk/the martyr/Mar-Georgis/Yohana son of Al-najareen/Maryam, the keeper of ears/gold Friday/the Apostles/Mar-Thomas the Apostle/ Mar-kiryakos/Mar-Serkees and Bakos/Shmony/Mar-Zena/Jacob Al-Mukata/Barbara/and the Baptizes)
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 160; Date: 1753 A.D.

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STC 28 (66)

  • Principal Work: Al-Husayat (Shmony/enter into the temple/Fast of Nineveh/Fridays for priests and stranger deseased/Palm Sunday/Ascension/Whit Sunday/Friday of gold/Peter and Paul/Transfiguration/Assumption/the Cross/Mar-Matti)
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 96; Date: 1842 A.D.

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STC 29 (55)

  • Principal Work: The Burying
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Pages: 363; Date: 1886 A.D.

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STC 30 (72)

  • Principal Work: The Burying
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 224; Date: 1792 A.D.

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STC 31 (33)

  • Principal Work: Burying of the Bishops and deacons
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 191; Date: 13th-14th centuries

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STC 32 (64)

  • Principal Work: Burying of priests
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Pages: 160; Date: 19th-20th centuries

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STC 33 (10)

  • Principal Work: Rite of Al-Jinnaz (funeral) for priests and deacons; Fankeeth – Prayer of drought
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 154; Date: 18th-19th centuries

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STC 34 (73)

  • Principal Work: Burying of babies; Rite of candlestick
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 78; Date: 19th century

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STC 35 (26)

  • Principal Work: Book of liturgies (Ma tha thono)
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Pages: 299; Date: 19th-20th centuries

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STC 36 (1)

  • Principal Work: Baptism (Cf. Mss No. 17, 18, 65); Fenqitho, Part one of the Holy Week
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 198; Date: 1801 A.D.

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STC 37 (2)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho, Second part of the Holy Week
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 210; Date: 1801 A.D.

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STC 38 (3)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho, The twenty four Rites of Summer
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 217; Date: 1821 A.D.

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STC 39 (4)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho (Rites of feasts of Lord/congratulation of Virgin Mary/the circumcision of the Lord/enter of the Lord into the temple/week of circumcision or Fast of Nineveh/Friday of priests/Friday of strangers/Friday of deceaseds/Ascension/Whit Sunday/Transfiguration/Assumption/Maryam, the keeper of the vineyards/and how they found the cross
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 229; Date: 18th century?

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STC 40 (5)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; First part of the Rite of the Lent according to the Eastern Tradition
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 211; Date: 1799 A.D.

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STC 41 (7)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; Second part of the Lent within the two Rites, the forty Martyrs and Palm day
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 224; Date: 1801 A.D.

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STC 42 (8)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; Rite of Easter according to the Eastern Tradition with eight Kenat for Summer
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 290; Date: 1806 A.D.

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STC 43 (11)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; Week of the rest i.e. Al-bayadh with the eight Kenat of Summer
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 245; Date: 1766 A.D.

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STC 44 (16)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; Eight Kenat, the Baptizeds and Rite of Mar-Matti
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 271; Date: 1819 A.D.

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STC 45 (18)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; Renewal of the Church – the circumcision feast
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 381; Date: 16th century

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STC 46 (19)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; The winter first part, according to the new Eastern Tradition including renewal of the Church/Mar-Istpehano’s Feast
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 370; Date: 13th-14th centuries

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STC 47 (21)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; first part of the Lent
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 373; Date: 1891 A.D.

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STC 48 (24)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 339; Date: 17th-18th centuries

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STC 49 (25)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; Fenqitho of winter/renewal of the Church (seven Rites)/Annunciation of Zechariah/Sunday before Christmas/Christmas/Congratulation of Virgin Mary/Slaying the children/Istephanous
  • Language: Syriac and some of Garshuni; Folios: 318; Date: 1739 A.D.

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STC 50 (30)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho
  • Language: Syriac; Pages: 477; Date: 1809 A.D.

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STC 51 (32)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho: Holy week
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 292; Date: 1579 A.D.

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STC 52 (36)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho: second part of the Lent
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 380; Date: 16th century

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STC 53 (38)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho: Rites of Baptizes
  • Language: Syriac; Date: 1607 A.D.

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STC 54 (39)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho: Rites of Mar-Keryakous, Georgis and Thomas
  • Language: Syriac; Date: 16th century

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STC 55 (42)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; Epiphany/Baptizeds/John the Baptist/Istiphanous/the Offer to the temple
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 431; Date 13th-14th centuries

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STC 56 (43)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; The entry of Christ into the temple/Week of circumcision i.e. (the Lent of Nineveh)/Fridays of priests, deceaseds, and the stranger’s deceaseds
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 257; Date: 1254 A.D.

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STC 57 (45)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; Ascension/Whit Sunday/Transfiguration/the requiem of Virgin Mary/Finding out the Cross/The Lady, the keeper of vineyards/The entry of Christ into the temple/The eight Rites of Annunciation
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 348; Date: 1601 A.D.

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STC 58 (49)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; Mar-Jerjees/Mar-Kiryakous/Mar-Thomas the Apostle/Peter and Paul/Transfiguration/The Lady, the keeper of ears/The requiem of Virgin Mary/Christmas of Virgin Mary/Friday of the gold/The first Church had been established with in the name Mary/Mar-Yousif/Corpus Christy day/Al-Husayat for Corpus Christy day
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 147; Date: 1781 A.D.

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STC 59 (50)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho: Christmas of Virgin Mary/Mar-Matti/Mar-Behnam/The rest week
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 227; Date: 1618 A.D.

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STC 60 (51)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho: Rite of Resurrection according to the Eastern Tradition, Benediction of water on Epiphany day
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 159; Date: 1821 A.D.

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STC 61 (65)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho: the eight Kinat of Annunciation
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 71; Date: 19th century

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STC 62 (67)

  • Principal Work: Fenqitho; Mar-Georgis/Mar-Keryakous/Mar-Thomas the Apostle/Peter and Paul/Transfiguration/Virgin Mary, the keeper of the ears/The requiem of Virgin Mary/Christmas of Virgin Mary/Friday of the gold/Mar-Yousif/Corpus day (repeated)/Husayat of Corpus day
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 135; Date: 1781 A.D.

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STC 63 (47)

  • Principal Work: Al-nawapheer
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 148; Date: 18th century

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STC 64 (59)

  • Principal Work: Al-nawapheer
  • Language: Syriac, Garshuni and Arabic; Pages: 334; Date: 1926 A.D.

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STC 65 (74)

  • Principal Work: Al-nawapheer; Rite of Baptism; Al-sahrana; Benediction of the Icons and Crosses
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 192; Date: 1823 A.D.

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STC 66 (75)

  • Principal Work: Al-nawapheer and the Prayers
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 151; Date: 1783 A.D.

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STC 67 (46)

  • Principal Work: Horn of the heaven
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 153; Date: 1856 A.D.

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STC 68 (71)

  • Principal Work: Horn of the heaven (book)
  • Language: Garshuni and Arabic; Folios: 248; Date: 17th century

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STC 69 (69)

  • Principal Work: Practice the Christian Perfection
  • Author: Alphonc Rodrekous Al-Yasohy
  • Language: Garshuni; Pages: 637; Date: 1723 A.D.

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STC 70 (34)

  • Principal Work: Book of monkhood
  • Author: Mar-Athanasio, Bishop of Jehan known as Abo-kalib
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 262; Date: 17th century

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STC 71 (28)

  • Principal Work: Sermons of Yohana the Chrysosthomo (87 sermons)
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 189; Date: 18th century

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STC 72 (29)

  • Principal Work: Book of diseases to prevent weariness
  • Author: Al-maphrian Mar-Basilious Issac Jubair from Mosul
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 231; Date: 1792 A.D.

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STC 73 (31)

  • Principal Work: Synaxario, My king, who is my Sun and moon
  • Language: Arabic; Pages: 377; Date: 18th century

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STC 74 (6)

  • Principal Work: Jacob of Sarug, Memre
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 313; Date: 13th century

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STC 75 (37)

  • Principal Work: Jacob of Sarug, Memre and Turgome
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 411; Date: 1671 A.D.

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STC 76 (76)

  • Principal Work: Grammar - Book of the beginner in Syriac
  • Language: Syriac; Pages: 58; Date: 1823 A.D.

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STC 77

  • Principal Work: Psalms; Office of Immaculate Conception
  • Language: Syriac; Pages: 169; Date: 1862 A.D.

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STC 78

  • Principal Work: Liturgy of the Fast of corpus-day
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 268; Date: 1836 A.D.

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STC 79

  • Principal Work: The winter Fenqitho
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 306; Date: ?

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STC 80

  • Principal Work: Al-ishheem
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 502; Date: ?

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STC 81

  • Principal Work: Al-ishheem (another copy)
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 499; Date: ?

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STC 82

  • Principal Work: Al-nawapheer
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 358; Date: 1765 A.D.

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STC 83

  • Principal Work: Buryings and Hisayat of the requiem
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 171; Date: 1817 A.D.

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STC 84

  • Principal Work: Confession cases
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 139; Date: 1824 A.D.

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STC 85

  • Principal Work: Book of Liturgical Processions throughout the year
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 79; Date: 1905 A.D.

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STC 86-93

  • Principal Work: Booklet of Processions throughout the year
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 70; Date: 1912 A.D.

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STC 94

  • Principal Work: The Cross-Way
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 42; Date: ?

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STC 95

  • Principal Work: Marriage contract
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 110; Date: ?

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STC 96

  • Principal Work: The small Liturgy of Lent
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 64; Date: ?

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STC 97

  • Principal Work: Varied prayers?
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 158; Date: ?

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STC 98

  • Principal Work: Qtham and Dwathar (before and after)
  • Language: Chaldean; Folios: 226; Date: 1792 A.D.

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STC 99

  • Principal Work: The daily, Husayat
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 88; Date: 1881 A.D.

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STC 100

  • Principal Work: Psalms
  • Language: Arabic; Folios: 240; Date: ?

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STC 101

  • Principal Work: Psalms
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 252; Date: ?

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STC 102

  • Principal Work: Miracles of Virgin Mary?
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 566; Date: ?

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STC 103

  • Principal Work: Instructions
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 80; Date: 1709 A.D.

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STC 104

  • Principal Work: Contemplation of Christ’s passion life history by Mar-Malka
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 266; Date: 1858 A.D.

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STC 105

  • Principal Work: Al-Ajromia introduction on the principles of Arabic language (the perfect answers in Grammatical sources)
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 116; Date: ?

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STC 106

  • Principal Work: Beth Gazo
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 155; Date: ?

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STC 107

  • Principal Work: Guide to the mass by Moshe bar Kepha and the Rite of Baptism
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 33; Date: 1895 A.D.

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STC 108

  • Principal Work: Life history of Patriarch, Antoon Semhery and Bishop, Issa Mahfoodh
  • Language: Arabic; Folios: 173; Date: ?

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STC 109

  • Principal Work: David’s psalms
  • Language: Arabic; Folios: 212; Date: ?

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STC 110

  • Principal Work: Churchly and Apostolic rules
  • Language: Arabic; Folios: 217?; Date: ?

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STC 111

  • Principal Work: The Holy office
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: 486; Date: ?

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STC 112

  • Principal Work: Office of Feasts and some Saints throughout the year
  • Language: Syriac; Pages: 469; Date: 1821 A.D.

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STC 113

  • Principal Work: Husayat of the Lent and the Holy week (followed by Hisayat of Feasts and … for March)
  • Language: Garshuni; Pages: 286; Date: 1931 A.D.

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STC 114

  • Principal Work: (The Bible according to the Syriac liturgy throughout the year)
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: 262; Date: ?

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STC 115

  • Principal Work: Office of the dead and varied consolations
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 220; Date: 1849 A.D.

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STC 116

  • Principal Work: Draft for different invocations and prayers
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Pages: 36; Date: ?

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STC 117

  • Principal Work: Praises for Virgin Mary, invocations and book of requiem according to Syriac Rite
  • Language: Syriac; Folios: about 250?; Date: 1689 A.D.?

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STC 118

  • Principal Work: Book of requiem, texts and consolations
  • Language: Syriac and Garshuni; Folios: 334; Date: 1845 A.D.

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STC 119

  • Principal Work: Draft of prayers and Adam’s story
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: about 143?; Date: ?

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STC 120

  • Principal Work: Book of Catechism
  • Language: Garshuni; Folios: about 66?; Date: 1890 A.D.

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STC 121

  • Principal Work: Discovery of the treasure of Mysteries
  • Language: ; Folios: about 33; Date: 1721 A.D.?

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STC 122

  • Principal Work: Calendar
  • Language: ; Folios: about 33; Date: ?

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